美版知乎:你认为印度现在最需要什么

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What do you think India needs the most right now?

你认为印度现在最需要什么?

以下是Quora读者的评论:

Sandeep Manudhane, Patriotic Indian not just by words, thoughts and emotions, but in action.

A complete, undiluted focus on nothing but economic growth. Rapid, blistering hard economic growth.

India is passing through that unique phase where we have an overflowing youth population that’s bereft of adequate economic opportunities (jobs and entrepreneurship) due to a mix of complex reasons, leading to a real risk that we are on the verge of frittering away our youth dividend.

While in 1980, we were almost at par with China in terms of size of the two economies, their centrally-controlled model has helped them become 5 times ours. Now is the time - when we need to simply get our act together.

How will that be?

对经济增长的完全的,纯粹的关注。经济快速、迅猛的增长。

印度正在经历一个独特的阶段,我们有大量的年轻人,由于各种复杂的原因,他们错失了足够的经济机会(工作和创业),导致了真正的风险,我们即将浪费掉我们的青年红利。

1980年,我们在经济规模上几乎与中国并驾齐驱,而他们的中央控制模式帮助他们达到了5倍于我们的经济规模。现在是我们需要齐心行动的时候了。

那会是什么样子?

  1. Stop focussing on everything else - caste, creed, religion, region, history - and just focus on how we can multiply our productivity (we have the exact reverse of this situation as on date)
  2. Ease the regulations - Factor market liberalisation has been delayed far too long. Time to open up in a big way and allow economic opportunities to flourish (Factor markets - Land, Labour, Capital, Ideas)
  3. Sympathy for the downtrodden and troubled - Face it. Our farmers, adivasis and dalits are in a generally bad shape. Be very polite and sympathetic to their cause. Listen to them, don’t mock them. Make them genuine partners in progress.
  4. Get honesty & talent back in vogue - Enough of scams and leaks, and hollow promises. Get the act together and produce results. Get top professionals in the top chairs of power - ignore their backgrounds, just get the best to run the nation. It’s not happening otherwise.
  5. Communicate vigorously - Whosoever is in power, must communicate through numbers and figures the importance of growing our economic heft rapidly. Without it, we can neither fund our defence (we are doing badly there) nor can we help uplift all sections of society (inequality rising desperately).

1. 别再关注其他任何事情——种姓、信仰、宗教、地域、历史——将精力集中在如何成倍提高生产力上(目前的情况正好相反)

2. 放松监管——生产要素市场的自由化已被拖延得太久。是时候大规模开放,让经济机会蓬勃发展了(要素市场——土地、劳动力、资本、创意)

3. 同情受苦的人——面对现实吧。我们的农民、原住民和达利特人的状况普遍很糟糕。要有礼貌,对他们的事业要有同情心。倾听他们,不要嘲笑他们。让他们成为真正的合作伙伴。

4. 重新重视诚实和才能——我们已经受够了骗局、泄密和空洞的承诺。一起行动,促成结果。让最好的专业人士坐上权力的最高宝座——忽略他们的背景,让他们成为管理国家的最佳人选。否则无法成功。

5. 加强沟通——无论谁掌权,都应该通过沟通迅速增加我们印度的经济影响力。没有经济实力,我们既不能为我们的国防提供资金(我们在这方面做得很糟糕),也不能帮助改善社会阶层的生活水平 (不平等正在绝望地加剧)。

This is the general philosophical direction. The micro-aspects of how to ensure all this operationally, is quite another answer altogether!

TLDR : Get the economic act together. Otherwise be condemned to decades of middling to low growth rates, remaining a distant third to the top two of the world (China, and the US). It is time to create history, rather than losing ourselves in it (as is the wont now).

这是基本的哲学方向。如何确保所有这些操作的细节,完全是另一个答案了!

共同采取经济行动。否则,印度几十年的经济增长率将只能维持在中等到较低水平,只能远远落后于世界前两名的中国和美国。现在是创造历史的时候了,而不是在历史中迷失自己。

 

Suhrut Heroorkar, Following Indian politics closely

  1. Unbiased journalists and journalism.
  2. News channels that provide useful information/news about events that are happening around the world, not with useless information like diaper color of an actor's baby or whether an actor who is proven guilty in a crime comitted (in simple word, a criminal) will sleep on floor or on bed during the punishment tenure in jail.
  3. Educated politicians.
  4. Defining maximum age limit to contest any elections.
  5. Effective and full fledged implementation of NOTA option in elections.
  6. Reduction in the tenure of a government from 5 years to 4 or 3 years.
  7. Effective judiciary system.
  8. Refurbished education system.
  9. An environment where IAS, IPS, judges of courts, lawyers, police officers etc can perform their duties without having iota of fear of risk to their or their family's life.
  10. Stringent rules, tests and examination of a candidate before issuing the license to drive on roads.
  11. Equal encouragement and support to to other sports which have potential to fetch medals at international events.
  12. Quality movies in theaters and good daily soaps on television.

Apart from these India need quality and affordable health care facilities, pothole free roads, improved public transportation, proper drainage system, proper waste management system, quality air to breathe, quality water and food etc.

Most importantly i feel, we Indians need alternatives/choices for a leader to lead the country.

  1. 公正、不带偏见的记者和媒体。
  2. 提供有用的信息/全世界正在发生的新闻事件,而不是无用的信息,比如某某演员的孩子穿了什么颜色的尿布,或者某某演员被证明有罪(简称犯罪分子),入狱期间将睡在地板上或床上。
  3. 受过教育的政客。
  4. 规定竞选的最高年龄限制。
  5. 将印度总理的任期从5年减少到4年或3年。
  6. 高效的司法体系。
  7. 改革教育体系。
  8. 在这样的环境中,高级律师、知识分子、法院法官、律师、警察等可以毫无畏惧地履行职责,不必担心危及自己或家人的生命。
  9. 严格的法规,在颁发驾驶执照前对申请人进行测试和考试。
  10. 鼓励和支持其他有潜力在国际比赛中获得奖牌的运动项目。
  11. 影院播放高质量的电影,电视播放好看的肥皂剧。

除此之外,印度还需要高质量和价格合理的医疗设施、无坑洞的道路、改良的公共交通、正常的排水系统和废物管理系统、新鲜的空气、优质的饮用水和食物等。

我觉得最重要的是,我们印度人需要一个领导人来引领这个国家的选择。

 

Jignesh Gavale, A Proud Indian!

I'll tell you what India needs at this time:

  1. Being an optimist and looking at the 1-year report card of the NaMo government, I can surely tell that we've chosen the right government. So, our 1 duty is over.
  2. India needs to get rid of corruption. Not only corrupt officials are to be suspended/ removed, but also strict action needs to be initiated against people who offer bribes.
  3. The job creation process has already started. Countries are investing heavily on us. They only need talented and hard-working people for them. So, what we need to do is children to study and work hard.
  4. India needs more security. Security in terms that we require more eyes looking our country. More the number of CCTVs more they act as deterrent to crimes. Yes, the cost and maintenance is an issue, but it's important that we've them.
  5. India needs more entrepreneurs: People need to shed their easy-going attitude and try risking their jobs for being an entrepreneur.
  6. We need more youth representation in the Parliament. Most of our leaders are above 60.
  7. We need to have patience and not blindly believe whatever the media tells us. Mr. Modi going on so many tours is not a waste. His work will get emphasis after 3-4 years. We got to have some patience.
  8. India needs to get rid of poverty and illiteracy. I know its hard, but we've to.
  9. Indians should think India as their home too, not only their own houses. This will give them a sense of responsibility and hopefully they'll stop littering.

我告诉你印度现在需要什么:

  1. 作为一个乐观主义者,看看莫迪政府这一年的成绩单,我可以肯定地说,我们选对了印度政府。所以,我们的职责结束了。
  2. 印度需要反腐。不仅要把贪官停职/撤职,而且要对行贿者采取严厉措施。
  3. 创造就业的进程已经开始。各国正在对我们进行大量投资。他们只需要有才华和勤奋的人。所以,我们需要做的是孩子们努力学习和工作。
  4. 印度需要更多的安全保障。我们需要更多的监控头。监控摄像头的数量越多,就越能起到威慑犯罪的作用。当然,成本和维护是一个问题,但重要的是我们拥有了这些设备。
  5. 印度需要更多的企业家:人们需要抛弃随和的态度,试着担着丢掉工作的风险才能成为一名企业家。
  6. 我们的议会需要有更多的年轻人代表。现在大多数领导人都在60岁以上。
  7. 我们荣华彩票官网需要有耐心,不要盲目相信媒体告诉我们的一切。莫迪进行了这么多外访,并不是浪费。3-4年后,他的努力将得到重视。我们要有耐心。
  8. 印度需要摆脱贫困和文盲。我知道这很难,但我们必须这样做。
  9. 印度人也应该把国家当成自己的家,而不是只扫自家门前雪。这将给他们一种责任感,希望他们能不再乱扔垃圾。

 

Zeeshan Ali, Indian

People from upper caste protested against a movie without watching it.

People from lower caste protested against a rumor regarding abandonment of caste based reservation.

Moral: Unemployment knows no caste.

What does India needs the most right now?

印度上层种姓的人抗议一部他们压根还没看过的电影。

来自低种姓的人们抗议关于摒弃种姓预留制度的谣言。

寓意:失业不分种姓。

那么印度现在最需要什么呢?

 

Mita Sinha, works at Indian IT Industry (2007-present)

Responsible citizens, who would:

  1. Know our rights and abide by the laws.
  2. Keep our surroundings clean.
  3. Obey traffic rules.
  4. Respect every individual unbiased by gender, caste, creed and community.
  5. Empathize with person of any stature.
  6. Learn to earn knowledge and respect, rather than only money.
  7. Keep aside our angers.
  8. Not discriminate based on cast and communalism.
  9. Understand and work on environmental issues. l and work towards a social cause.
  10. Try to reduce carbon footprints as much as possible.
  11. Respect the constitution of India.
  12. Not bias our opinion based on the current journal荣华彩票appist community of our country.
  13. Use their voting rights wisely.
  14. Not indulge in any sort of corruption.
  15. Love our daughters and not kill the unborn or just born daughters.
  16. Forget the word "dowry"
  17. Have a goal in life.
  18. Promise not to treat rivers and seas as sewage dump yard.
  19. Segregate our wastes.
  20. Rise above religion.

Seems like impossible, isn't it?

But if we start following few of the above points in our daily lives, we would definitely be the next JAPAN (in terms of discipline) in few years from now.

负责任的公民:

  1. 了解我们的权利,遵守法律。
  2. 保持环境清洁。
  3. 遵守交通规则。
  4. 尊重每一个人,不分性别、种姓、信仰和社区。
  5. 理解所有人。
  6. 学会获得知识和尊重,而不仅仅是金钱。
  7. 不要总是动怒。
  8. 不要基于种姓和社群主义而搞歧视。
  9. 了解并解决环境问题。为社会事业而努力。
  10. 尽量减少碳足迹。
  11. 尊重印度宪法。
  12. 不要因为当前的记者群体而让我们的观点变成偏见。
  13. 明智地使用自己的投票权。
  14. 不要沉湎于任何形式的腐败。
  15. 疼爱我们的女儿,不要杀害未出生或刚出生的女儿。
  16. 忘掉"嫁妆"这个词吧。
  17. 人生要有目标。
  18. 承诺不把河流和海洋当作污水倾倒场。
  19. 妥善处理垃圾。
  20. 不受宗教的影响。

似乎是不可能的,不是吗?

但如果我们开始在日常生活中遵循上述几点,我们肯定会在几年内成为下一个日本(在纪律方面)。

 

Ajay Mane

It’s seven decades now that we are independent and by that I mean in command of our own destiny. Yes we have a fascinating story of how we made it here. Our story dates back to the birth of civilizations and we have been dramatis personea through out the history of mankind. And now we are again at the cusp of a renaissance in human history. Are we aware of where we stand?

Are our teachers aware that their students will be citizens of a global power and have fate of a billion plus humans in their hands?

Are our lawmakers aware that the policies they make will be studied by future historians as a case study?

Are we aware when we build our cities that they need to speak a language of the 21st century?

我们印度已经独立70年了,我的意思是我们掌握了自己的命运。是的,关于我们如何取得成功,我们有着精彩的历史故事。我们的故事可以追溯到文明的诞生之初,在人类历史上我们一直是主角。现在我们又处在人类历史复兴的风口浪尖。我们意识到我们所处的位置了吗?

我们的教师是否意识到,他们的学生将成为一个全球大国的公民,掌握着10多亿人的命运?

我们的立法者是否意识到他们制定的政策将被未来的历史学家作为案例研究?

当我们建设我们的城市时,我们是否意识到他们需要展示的是21世纪的语言?

Are our engineers aware that simple technologies that make human life better will be more rewarding than lucrative offers at campus placements?

Are our designers aware that we cannot become a global hub of design if we do not innovate and merely follow?

Are we aware that the stage is ours for the taking if we have confidence to do so?

We are on a global stage now. Our actions will be monitored. Our detractors will be more forceful. Our idea of nation will be more fiercely contested. Our strength will be tested and our weakness exploited.

Are we aware that we are history in the making?

我们的工程师是否意识到,让人类生活更美好的技术,将比在校园提供利润丰厚的服务更有回报?

我们的设计师是否意识到,如果我们不进行创新,只是跟随潮流,我们就无法成为全球的设计中心?

我们是否意识到,如果我们有信心这样做,舞台就是属于我们的?

我们现在处在全球舞台上。我们的行动将受到监视。诋毁我们的人会更加强硬。我们的国家观念将受到更激烈的挑战。我们的力量将受到考验,我们的弱点将被利用。

我们是否意识到我们正在创造历史?

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