美版知乎:有哪些事是外国人来到美国后才会相信的

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What facts about the United States do foreigners not believe until they come to America?

有哪些事是外国人来到美国后才会相信的?

以下是Quora读者的评论:

Bruce Li, lived in The United States of America

I am from Hong Kong, and most of the time I lived in a suburb. The typical American suburb. The time I was there is the early 00s.

我来自香港,大部分时间我住在郊区。一个典型的美国郊区。那是在2000年代初。

There are a few things that I still remember clearly although it was quite some time ago.

有几件事我至今仍记得很清楚,虽然那已经是很久以前的事了。

1.Many people know the Americans are at the top of the list of energy consumed per capita in the world. I have to live the American way of life to know how they could consume that much energy.

The vehicle and the engine volume (those full size pickup and SUV, think about the gas mileage), the washing machine, dryer, fridge - all of them are double the size, so the power used is double, I think.

The water heater is on 24/7, but the total time you use it daily is maybe less than 2 hours. Impossible thing to happen in Hong Kong, and HK is affluent. We have much smaller water heater and only turn it on when we use it.

The shopping malls and the supermarkets are, again, huge like a football field, but there really aren't many people in it. There were a few times I went to the 24 hours Walmart Supercenter at 3 am (yeah, that's what college kids do). There were maybe just less than 20 people shopping in there. Think about the power required for the air conditioning and heat.

I did enjoy the American way of life, the vast open space and convenience very much, yet it may not be the most efficient way of using the energy.

2.The average American is really bad in math and simple calculation. I heard it before I came. You would only believe it when seeing it first hand.

I am talking about simple calculation like multiplying or dividing numbers, such as calculating the discount. There were more than a few times that I was shopping and saw that the cashier had trouble doing simple calculations that any normal 8 year old in HK should be able to do within seconds.

3.Melting pot. This is a term that I saw again and again before I come to the States, and I found it's not anything like what I thought.

4.Technology for the normal American in daily life is way behind.

5.Regional differences are huge, in terms of friendliness of people, crime, economic development level and wealth.

6.Guns, violence, and crime are not as serious as the media depicted

7.Basketball and the NBA isn't really that popular in America.

8.Many American don't have a passport, and therefore have never traveled out of the country.

9.It is common amongst the Chinese to think the people in the Western world (including American) don't have taboos, but the truth is they just have different taboos from us.

10.I knew Bruce Lee, the martial artist, is famous, but I couldn't believe how famous Bruce Lee is in America until I was there.

1. 很多人都知道美国是世界上人均能源消耗最高的国家。我得过美国人的生活方式,才能知道他们怎么会消耗那么多能源。

汽车和引擎的体积(那些巨无霸皮卡和SUV,想想油耗会有多惊人),洗衣机,烘干机,冰箱——所有这些的尺寸都有2倍那么大,所以消耗的电力也会是两倍,我认为。

热水器是全天候开启的,但是你每天使用的总时间可能还不到2个小时。这在香港是不可能发生的事,香港也挺富裕的。我们使用的是小得多的热水器,只有在使用时才会打开开关。

购物中心和超市就像足球场一样大,但里面真的没有多少人。有几次,我在凌晨3点去了24小时的沃尔玛超市(没错,大学生就是这么任性)。可能只有不到20个人在里面购物。想想空调和暖气需要耗费多少能源。

我很喜欢美国的生活方式,广阔的开放空间和便利,但这可能不是最有效的利用能源的方式。

2.普通美国人在数学和简单计算方面真的很不擅长。我来之前就听说了。但你只有亲眼看到才会相信。

我说的只是简单的计算,比如乘法除法,比如计算折扣。有好几次,我在购物时都看到收银员进行简单计算时遇到了麻烦,而在香港,随便找个8岁的孩子都能在几秒钟内完成这些计算。

3.大熔炉。在我到达美国之前,我无数次看到这个词,我发现它和我想的一点也不像。

4.普通美国人在日常生活中使用的科技远远落后。

5.各地区在人民友好程度、犯罪率、经济发展水平和财富方面的差异很大。

6.枪支、暴力和犯罪并不像媒体描述的那么严重。

7.篮球和NBA在美国并没有那么受欢迎。

8.许多美国人没有护照,因此从来没有出过国。

9.中国人普遍认为西方人(包括美国人)没有禁忌,但事实是他们也有禁忌,只是与我们的不同。

10.我知道功夫明星李小龙很有名,但直到我去到美国才知道李小龙有多出名。

When I introduced myself, this happened quite often.

Me: I'm Bruce, and I'm from Hong Kong.

Him/her: Don't tell me your last name is Lee

Me: Yes I am, my last name is Li

Him/her: No way! yea, I'm Janet Jackson (if that lady was Black)

Or

Him/her: Bruce Lee!?! you are Bruce Lee? I don't believe you.

I needed to show them my ID to show my name is really Bruce Li.

当我自我介绍时,经常发生以下对话:

我:我叫布鲁斯,来自香港。

他/她:你可别告诉我你姓李。

我:没错,我就是姓李。

他/她:哦不!我还是珍妮·杰克逊呢(如果那位女士是黑人的话)

他/她:李小龙! ? !你是李小龙?我不信。

我只得向他们展示我的ID,证明我的名字确实是布鲁斯李。

 

Geetanjali Sharma, Keen Observer

I’m from India. I’ve been to 10 states all on the East Coast.

1.People don't believe that you can literally just drink water out of the tap in the bathroom. There is a reason why the glasses are kept in the Bathrooms of all American hotels & motels.

2.Nobody believes that their pharmacies and retail outlets are big way way way bigger than you could imagine. CVS & Walgreens, which are both essentially pharmacies are probably even larger than small malls in India. Also, they just don't keep medicines, they keep EVERYTHING.

3.People don't have any clue about the extent of diversity in America. I used to feel proud about being from a diverse nation. Then, I went to America. You see people from every race, races you probably didn't even know existed, every religion, every gender and every form and somehow, they all just blend together.

4.People don't believe that America is a beautiful nation. Many Indians think of it as a culture-less nation. They often ask me whether there is anything to see in America. They have this image that it’s a nation with big buildings and wide roads. No. You cannot be more wrong. There is so much to see and so much to do other than big buildings.

5.In Washington DC, all the Smithsonian Museums are free! It is very very hard to believe and also very very hard to resist going to all of them.

6.Everybody isn't fat. There are a lot of people who care about their health and fitness. I have seen people walking and running on busy streets of big cities.

7.The thing that pinches the most, you have to pay for trollies at Airports. Also, you need to pay for luggage in flights which pinches because when you convert it into your native currency, it is very very expensive.

8.If you think the portion size in American is big, think again. It isn't big, it’s HUGE. Cookies, candies, chocolates, bags of chips etc are enough to feed a lot of people.

(For example- this is a pizza we cluelessly ordered in Chicago. This was around twice the size of a large pizza in India.)

9.If you come from a tropical country like me, American Summer is NOTHING like summer. It is usually comparatively cold, even in June & July.

10.Again, if you are from India, there are no motorbikes on the roads. Absolutely none. It’s very very weird because in India, it’s very common to see bikers riding motorbikes as if they own the road.

我来自印度。我去过东海岸的十个州。

1.人们不信你可以直接从浴室的水龙头里饮水。美国所有的旅馆和汽车旅馆都会把玻璃杯放在浴室里,这是有原因的。

2.没有人相信他们的药店和零售店比你想象的要大得多。CVS & Walgreens本质上都是药店,可能比印度的小商场还要大。而且,他们不仅仅销售药品,他们销售一切商品。

3.人们对美国的多样性程度一无所知。我曾经为自己来自一个多元化的国家而感到自豪。然后,我去了美国。你会看到不同种族的人,有些你可能根本不知道压根存在的种族,宗教,性别等等,他们全都融合在一起了。

4.人们不相信美国是一个美丽的国家。许多印度人认为美国是一个没有文化的国家。他们经常问我美国有什么值得一看的地方。在他们的印象中,美国是一个只有着高大建筑和宽阔道路的国家。不。你大错特错了。除了高楼大厦,这里还有很多东西可看,很多事情可忙。

5.在华盛顿特区,所有的史密森尼博物馆都是免费的!这是非常非常难以置信的,也是非常非常叫人难以抗拒的。

6.不是所有人都是胖子。有很多人在意自己的健康和身材。我看到人们在大城市繁忙的街道上行走、奔跑。

7.最痛苦的事情是,你得付费使用机场的手推车。此外,你还需要支付飞机上的行李费用,这很让人肉疼,因为当你把它兑换成本国货币时,费用可是非常非常贵的。

8.如果你认为美国的菜量很大,那你就大错特错了。不是很大,而是非常大。饼干、糖果、巧克力、薯片等都足够很多人享用。

(例如,这是我们在芝加哥盲点的披萨,几乎是印度大份披萨的两倍大小。)

9.如果你像荣华彩票官网我一样来自热带国家,美国的夏天一点儿也不像夏天。通常是比较冷的,即使在六月和七月也是如此。

10.还有,如果你来自印度,那你会发现美国的路上是没有摩托车的。绝对没有。这非常非常奇怪,因为在印度,经常看到骑着摩托车的人,骑得好像这条路是他们家的一样。

11.Majority of families in America have lunch around 11 am or 12 pm. This isn't the case in my country because Lunch gets postponed to 2 pm or 3 pm.

12.Contrary to popular culture, the life of a regular American Teenager is nothing like what you see in movies and tv shows. Their life doesn't revolve around parties, drinking and sex, they are probably only a tad bit less stressed than us.

13.I don't drink coke but my friend pointed out that if you buy a cup of coke, you can get infinite refills.

14.Vegetarian or Vegan options are very very limited. If you are willing to survive on fries, then you’ll love it.

15.Almost everybody uses GPS. The fear of getting lost is negligible.

16.This is a funny one. In cold Northern States, when it snows and gets ridiculously chilly, people go to big stores like Walmart & Costco to walk. You can imagine how large these stores really are.

17.People are extremely patriotic. They have the American national flags everywhere like outside hotels, spas, homes, schools etc.

(I took this picture from somebody’s backyard.)

18.It’s very common for people in stores or in museums or in public places to chat with you. This is very pleasant. People aren't cold and reserved.

19.Flying by airplane is cheaper than taking a train. It’s the other way round in India.

20.This is weird, correct me if I am wrong, almost everybody has an iPhone. It may be the latest one or an older one but everybody has an iPhone. Even our Taxi driver had an iPhone.

11.美国大多数家庭在上午11点或中午12点左右吃午饭。在我们国家不是这样的,因为午餐会推迟到下午2点或3点。

12.与流行文化相反,普通美国青少年的生活与你在电影和电视节目中看到的完全不同。他们的生活并不都是聚会、喝酒和性的,他们的压力可能只比我们小一点点而已。

13.我不喝可乐,但我的朋友跟我说,如果你买一杯可乐,是可以无限续杯的。

14.素食者或纯素食者的选择非常非常有限。如果你愿意以薯条为生,那么你会爱上它的。

15.几乎每个人都用GPS。基本不用害怕迷路。

16.哦,这件事很有趣。在寒冷的北方各州,下雪时天气会变得异常寒冷,人们会去沃尔玛和好市多这样的大商场散步。所以你可以想象一下,这些商店究竟有多大。

17.人们非常爱国。在宾馆、温泉、家庭、学校等地方,随处可见美国国旗。

(这张照片是我从别人的后院拍摄的。)

18.在商店或博物馆或在公共场所,有人跟你聊天,这是很常见的事。这是非常令人愉快的。人们并不冷漠保守。

19.坐飞机比坐火车便宜。这跟印度正好相反。

20.这一点有点奇怪,如果我说错了,请纠正我,几乎每个人都有iPhone。可能是最新款,也可能是老款,但每个人都有iPhone。甚至我们的出租车司机也拿着iPhone。

21.People are also very obvious about the political party they support. I saw people wearing Clinton T shirts, Bernie Sanders jackets, Donald Trump hats etc. I haven't seen such craze anywhere else though.

22.Houses don't have ceiling fans. This is hard to believe because life without a fan is impossible in India. All of them have centralised heating/cooling.

23.Houses aren't made of concrete and bricks like in India, t荣华彩票官网hey are made of wood. My parents jokingly said that these houses aren't “majboot” (“strong” in English) enough.

24.There is McDonald’s everywhere. Even in the middle of nowhere, there will be a lone McDonald’s joint. I am not kidding.

25.They don't home deliver McDonald’s in America. They do it in India though. India -1 USA- 0.

26.People LOVE coffee. Obviously not more than Indians’ love for masala chai.

All in all, it’s an amazing place to visit.

21.人们对他们支持的政党也很清楚。我看到人们穿着克林顿T恤,伯尼·桑德斯夹克,唐纳德·特朗普帽子等等。我在其他任何地方都没见过这样的狂热。

22.房子没有吊扇。这令人难以置信,因为在印度,没有风扇的生活是不可能忍受的。所有的空调都是中央供暖/制冷的。

23.房子不像印度的房子是用混凝土和砖块建造的,而是用木头建造的。我的父母开玩笑说,这些房子不够“牢固结实”。

24.到处都是麦当劳。即使在偏僻的地方,也能找到麦当劳连锁店。我可没有开玩笑。

25.在美国,麦当劳是不提供外卖服务的。印度的麦当劳是有这项服务的。印度-1美国- 0。

26.人们喜欢咖啡。很显然,并没有超过印度人对印度奶茶的喜爱。

总而言之,这是一个令人惊叹的地方。

 译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49802.html 译者:Joyceliu

 

Keith Ely, Writer

As an Englishman living in the US for 14 years, I would say the the false perceptions we Brits have of the US that you don't discover till you get here are as follows.

作为一个在美国生活了14年的英国人,我想说的是,我们英国人对美国的错误认知,直到你亲身来到这里才会发现,如下。

We wrongly believe:

Food, especially meat and produce, are cheaper in the US than the UK, when they are not.

Same goes for restaurants and hotels.

Internet access is faster and cheaper in the US, when it is in fact slower and more expensive.

Same goes for satellite/cable TV

All Americans have guns and gunslinging is a part of everyday life

Medical care is the best, when it is not

Medical care is expensive when it is actually outrageously unaffordable for those who have to pay for their own insurance and care

我们错误地认为:

美国的食品,尤其是肉类和农产品比英国便宜,其实则不然。

餐馆和酒店也是如此。

我们以为美国的互联网接入速度更快、费用更低,而实际上互联网接入速度更慢、成本更高。

卫星/有线电视也是如此。

我们以为所有美国人都有枪,枪战是日常生活的一部分。

医疗是全球最棒的,其实并不是。

我们以为医疗护理费用高昂,实际上高昂到对那些必须自己购买保险,自己支付医疗费的人来说,简直难以承受。

We also don't realize that

Americans have much shorter vacation entitlement but that, in many cases, this is made up for by paid sick leave entitlement, which some people take as a right whether they are sick or not.

Public transport is virtually non-existent outside of major cities.

There are no fast or even moderatlely fast bullet trains.

It is lawful in many places to overtake on the left or right of a slow vehicle.

Likewise, it is lawful in many places to turn right on a red traffic signal (or left into a one-way street)

You have to pull over and stop when an emergency vehicle approaches.

Although there is a greater inequality between the haves and the have-nots, Americans are much more generous than Europeans and the rich are greater philanthropists with their wealth.

我们也没有发现:

美国人的假期要短得多,但在很多情况下,可以用带薪病假来弥补,有些人认为带薪病假是一种权利,不管他们是否生病。

在大城市之外,公共交通几乎不存在。

没有高速甚至中速的快速列车。

在许多地方,从慢车的左侧超车或右侧超车是合法的。

同样,在许多地方,红灯右转(或左转进入单行道)也是合法的。

当紧急车辆接近时,你必须靠边停车。

尽管贫富之间存在更大的不平等,但美国人比欧洲人慷慨得多,富人用他们的财富做了更多的慈善。

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